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Top IELTS Vocabulary


Top IELTS Vocabulary


  •   ਕ੍ਵਾਂਟਿਟੇਟਿਵ = ਪਰਿਨਾਤਮਕ
  •   क्वान्टिटेटिव = परिमाणात्मक, परिमाण के अनुसार मात्रा में

The measures can be either quantitative or qualitative, or a mixture of both.

The results of the focus group will usually be qualitative in nature and not quantitative.


  •   ਰੈਪਿਡ = ਤੇਜ, ਤਤਕਾਲ
  •   रैपिड = तीव्र, तेज, शीघ्र

His rapid advancement in the company is due purely to his hard work.

The rapid change in climate caused by the greenhouse effect does not give living things enough time to adapt.


  •   ਰੈਸ਼ਨਲ = ਤਰਕਸ਼ੀਲ, ਅਕਲਮੰਦ, ਸਮਝਦਾਰ
  •   रैशनल = बुद्धि संपन्न, विवेकी, समझदार, अक्लमन्द

I think we need to talk about this calmly, and try to make a rational decision together.

Belief in religion requires a suspension of rational thought which I am not prepared to make.


  •   ਰੇਸਿਪ੍ਰੋਕਲ = ਦੁਤਰਫ਼ਾ, ਮੋੜਵਾਂ, ਮਿਲਦਾ-ਜੁਲਦਾ, ਦੁਪਾਸੜ
  •   रेसिप्रोकल = दो तरफ, आपसी, परस्पर सम्बद्ध

There is a strong reciprocal attraction between the primitive and the civilized.

Reciprocal teaching is an interactive instructional practice that aims to improve students.


  •   ਰਿਕ੍ਲਾਇਨ = ਝੁਕ, ਲਿਟਾਉਣਾ, ਝੁਕਣਾ, ਲਿਟਾ
  •   रिक्लाइन = झुकना, सहारा लेना, विश्राम करना

Take them to the garden and recline in a giant baseball glove chair.

In many modern trains, you can recline the seats into a fully horizontal position.

Unlike airplane seats, train seats are designed to fully recline.


  •   ਰਿਕਵਰ = ਵਸੂਲਕਰਨਾ, ਬਹਾਲ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   रिकवर = वसूल करना, ठीक करना, स्वस्थ होना, बहाल करना

My computer crashed, and I was unable to recover some important data.

It took Joanne a few months to recover from her car accident, but now she is fine.


  •   ਰੀਡਿਸ੍ਟ੍ਰਿਬ੍ਯੂਟ = ਦੋਬਾਰਾ ਵੰਡਣਾ
  •   रीडिस्ट्रिब्यूट = फिर से बाँटना, पुनर्वितरण करना

Arthur Vandenberg once said that it is less important to redistribute wealth than it is to redistribute opportunity.

Robin Hood stole the King's gold and redistributed it among the poor villagers.


  •   ਰੀ-ਏਗ੍ਜ਼ੈਮਿਨ = ਦੋਬਾਰਾ ਪਰੀਖਣ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   री-एग्ज़ॅमिन = का पुनः परीक्षण करना

Taking that into consideration, it is prudent to reexamine the experiment and look for missing factors.

We reexamine this hypothesis further using simulation and econometric methods.


  •   ਰੇਫਰੇਨ੍ਸ = ਸੰਕੇਤ, ਸੰਦਰਭ, ਜ਼ਿਕਰ, ਹਵਾਲਾ, ਉੱਲੇਖ
  •   रेफरेन्स = हवाला, संबंध, सन्दर्भ, ज़िक्र, ताल्लुक

Do you mind if I use you as a reference when I apply for a job at the company where you work?

Make sure that you note the author and publication of any references you use in your essay.


  •   रिफ्लेक्स = छाया, प्रतिबिंब
  •   ਰੀਫ੍ਲੇਕ੍ਸ = ਛਾਯਾ, ਪ੍ਰਤੀਬੀਂਬ

Among baseball people it is a reflex to praise the little things.

Stabbing those who annoyed him soon became a reflex.


  •   ਰਿਫ੍ਯੂਟ = ਨਕਾਰਨਾ, ਝੁਠਲਾਉਣਾ
  •   रिफ्यूट = खंडन करना, झूठा ठहराना

It's good when someone else adds their two cents to refute an untruth.

Your logic is lacking, one key thing, you do not in anyway refute their claim.


  •   ਰੇਲਵੇਨ੍ਸ = ਜੋੜ, ਉਚਿਤਤਾ
  •   रेलवेन्स = संबंधता, मेल, उपयुक्तता

A movie star's private life should have no relevance to his professional career.

This new publication is of special relevance to computer users who want to keep up-to-date with the newest technology.


  •   ਰੇਲਵੇਂਟ = ਉਚਿਤ, ਢੁੱਕਵਾਂ, ਲਾਗੂ
  •   रेलवेंट = संबद्ध, अनुरूप, उपयुक्त, योग्य

Please ensure that you attach all the relevant documents to your application.

Nelson's comments were not really relevant to the discussion.


  •   ਰਿਲਆਇਯਬ੍ਲੀ = ਵਿਸ਼ਵਸ੍ਨੀਯ, ਮਜ਼ਬੂਤੀ ਨਾਲ
  •   रिलाइअब्ली = स्थिरता से, विश्वसनीय ढंग से, मज़बूती से, दृढ़ता से

We are reliably informed that you are considering a position at a different firm.

So far, scientists have been unable to predict earthquakes with a high degree of reliability.


  •   ਰਿਲਾਇ = ਵਿਸ਼ਵਾਸ ਕਰਨਾ, ਭਰੋਸਾ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   रिलाइ = विश्वास करना, भरोसा करना, निर्भर होना, आश्रय करना

You can rely on Francis to do the job well; she is an excellent worker.

In the future, we will have to rely more on alternate energy sources.


  •   ਰੇਪ੍ਲਿਕਾ = ਨਕਲ
  •   रेप्लिका = प्रतिरूप, नक़ल

Two double helices now existed in place of one, each a replica of the original.

It’s an exact replica of the tree branch outside my window.


  •   ਰੇਪ੍ਲਿਕੇਟ = ਦੋਹਰਾਨਾ
  •   रेप्लिकेट = फिर से दोहराना, पीछे मोड़ना

The scientific community cannot replicate his results.

Scientists have created a robot that can replicate itself in minutes.


  •   ਰਿਜ਼ਰ੍ਵਾਯਰ = ਝੀਲ, ਕੁੰਡ, ਡੈਮ
  •   रिज़र्वायर = जलाशय, तालाब, खजाना, कुण्ड

Both sides agree that if the dam is built, water levels at the new reservoir would fluctuate seasonally.

We especially loved the planting reservoir created in between the rock walls.


  •   ਰਿਜ਼ਾਲ੍ਵ = ਫੈਸਲਾ, ਇਰਾਦਾ, ਪ੍ਰਣ, ਹਲ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   रिज़ाल्व = निश्चय, संकल्प, स्पष्ट करना, हल करना

Now a new witness could be called on to help resolve this mystery.

Silence is the best resolve for him who distrusts himself.


  •   ਰਿਸ੍ਪਾਨ੍ਸ = ਉੱਤਰ, ਹੁੰਗਾਰਾ, ਪਰਤਾਵਾ
  •   रिस्पान्स = उत्तर, जवाब, प्रतिक्रिया

Have you received any response to your request for a raise?

Our response to the controversial social issues of our time will determine our future.


  •   ਰੇਵੇਲੇਸ਼ਨ = ਇਜ਼ਹਾਰ, ਵਹੀ
  •   रेवेलेशन = आकाशवाणी, प्रकटन, पर्दाफ़ाश

Here is an enchanting revelation in the history of medicine.

Translating many more of those poems, fifteen years later, was another kind of revelation.


  •   ਰਿਡਲ = ਪਹੇਲੀ, ਬੁਝਾਰਤ
  •   रिडल = पहेली, रहस्य

There's an old riddle which involves a frog trying to get across a room, or something.

In both these cases the riddle seems to be solved in an entirely different way.


  •   ਰਿਜਿਡ = ਕਠੋਰ, ਡਾਢੇ, ਸਖ਼ਤ
  •   रिजिड = कठिन, कड़ा, सख्त

The rules regarding attendance and homework are very rigid in that institution.

My professor has very rigid views on the subject.

We need some fairly rigid cardboard to make signs with.


  •   ਰਿਗਰਸ = ਮੁਸ਼ੱਕਤ
  •   रिगरस = कठिन, कठोर, सख्त

The young man changed his mind about joining the military after a day of rigorous training.

The rigorous training for the U.S. marines discourages some people from joining.


  •   ਰਿਚੂਅਲ = ਰਸਮ, ਰੀਤ
  •   रिचूअल = संस्कार, रिवाज़

Many of these rituals were practiced by the people long before Christianity came to the region.

Green tea is an essential part of the daily ritual in China.


  •   ਰੋਮ = ਘੁੰਮਣਾ, ਭਟਕਨਾ
  •   रोम = भटकते फिरना, घूमना, इधर-उधर भटकना

These tough animals are solitary, and they need a lot of room to roam.

At night hippos leave the water and roam overland to graze.


  •   ਰਡਰ = ਸ੍ਟੇਆਰਿੰਗ ਵੀਲ, ਪਤਵਾਰ
  •   रडर = पतवार, स्टीयरिंग व्हील

You can't make him responsible for the ship's course if he doesn't have control of the rudder.

The rudder controls turns to the right or left.


  •   ਰੂਡਮੇਨ੍ਟਰੀ = ਮੁਢਲੀਆਂ, ਅਰੰਭਿਕ, ਮੁਢਲਾ
  •   रूडमेन्टरी = असल, प्रथम, मूलभूत

They usually have little background in health care and only rudimentary training.

Government regulations covering orbital debris are still rudimentary.


  •   ਸਾਗਾ = ਗਾਥਾ
  •   सागा = कथा, गाथा

We should all be writing this saga down in our journals.

The whole saga has the air of a desperate striving for peace.


  •   ਸੈਗਸ਼ਿਯਸ = ਸਿਆਣਾ, ਲਾਇਕ, ਅਕਲਮੰਦ
  •   सॅगशियस = निपुण, बुद्धिमान, समझदार, मेधावी, चतुर

Wherefore it is ever the aim of the sagacious journalist to foster that sense of personal participation.


  •   ਸ੍ਕੈਲ੍ਪਲ = ਛੁਰੀ
  •   स्कैल्पल = छुरी, चिकित्सक की छुरी

A really clean cut with a sharp scalpel helps.

The best tool for most of your cutting needs is a surgical scalpel.


  •   ਸੇਮੈਂਟਿਕ = ਅਰਥ ਸੰਬੰਧੀ, ਅਰਥ ਮੁਤਾਬਕ
  •   सिमैन्टिक = शब्दार्थ विज्ञान, अर्थ-संबंधी

It rapidly became clear that their differences were more than semantic.

They'd still be wrong of course, but would be closer to having a semantic point.


  •   ਸੇਰੇਨਡਿਪਿਟੀ = ਆਕਸ੍ਮਿਕ ਲਾਭ
  •   सेरन्डिपिटी = आकस्मिक लाभ, अकस्मात से कुछ खोज करना

Serendipity plays an enormously important role in travel photography.

It turns out that serendipity played a role in the journey to the screen.


  •   ਸ਼ੀਨ = ਦਮਕ, ਚਮਕ, ਝਾਲ
  •   शीन = चमक-दमक, झलक, ज्योति, रोशनी

Sometimes it takes the sheen of a consultant for the ideas to sink in.

At night, soft candlelight or twinkling string lights make the walls glow with a satiny sheen.

Spiders in this group are known for the golden sheen of their silk.


  •   ਸ਼੍ਰਗ = ਝਾਡਣਾ, ਸਿਕੋਡਨਾ, ਘਸੀਟਨਾ, ਖਿਚ੍ਣਾ
  •   श्रग = कन्धा झाड़ना, सिकोड़ना, हिलाना, खींचना, घसीटना

She responded to the question with a shrug of the shoulders.

He gave a little shrug to show he didn't care and then walked away.


  •   ਸਿਗ੍ਨਿਫਿਕੇਂਟ = ਅਹਿਮ, ਮਹੱਤਵਪੂਰਨ, ਜ਼ਰੂਰੀ
  •   सिग्निफिकेंट = अर्थ प्रकाशक, अर्थपूर्ण, महत्वपूर्ण, सार्थक

After having a heart attack, he made some significant changes in his life in order to improve his health.

Significant life events can introduce a great deal of stress into a person's life.


  •   ਸਿਮਪ੍ਲਿਸ੍ਟਿਕ = ਸਧਾਰਨ, ਸਰਲ
  •   सिम्प्लिस्टिक = सरलीकृत, सरल ढंग से

The suggestion that all drugs are bad is quite simplistic.

The new bands are totally simplistic in lyrical content, and musical ability.


  •   ਸਿਮੁਲੇਟ = ਬਣਾਉਟੀ, ਮਸਨੂਈ
  •   सिम्युलेट = जाली, झूठा, बनावटी, बहानेबाज

Computer models can simulate a collision between galaxies and display it on a TV screen.

In the famous shower scene in the Alfred Hitchcock movie "Psycho," chocolate syrup was used to simulate blood.


  •   ਸੋਸ਼ਿਯਲਾਇਜ਼ = ਸਮਾਜੀਕਰਨ
  •   सोशलाइज़ = सामाजिक बनाना, समाजवादी व्यवस्था करना

We like to socialize with friends, going fishing, boating, skiing or in line roller skating.

You simply have to find an online site which allows you to socialize with women of different communities.


  •   ਸੋਸੀਯਲਾਜਿਕਲ = ਸਮਾਜ ਸ਼ਾਸਤਰੀ, ਸਮਾਜਵਿਗਯਾਨਿਕ
  •   सोसीयलॉजिकल = समाजवैज्ञानिक, समाज शास्त्रीय, समाज शास्त्र संबंधी

Great idea, great sound, great sociological significance.

Finally, it is important to note that clinical insights are different from sociological findings.


  •   ਸਫਿਸ੍ਟਿਕੈਟਡ = ਫੈਲਸੂਫ਼ੀਆ, ਗੁੰਝਲਦਾਰ, ਸਮਾਰਟ
  •   सफिस्टिकैटड = बौद्धिक रूप से प्रभावशाली, प्रगतिशील, विवेकी

His use of language is not very sophisticated yet, but he is learning quickly.

New York is considered a sophisticated city due to its rich culture of art, music and theater.


  •   ਸ੍ਪੀਸ਼ੀਜ਼ = ਕਿਸਮ , ਜਾਤ, ਨਸਲ
  •   स्पीशीज़ = नस्ल, प्रकार, प्रजाति, जाति, वर्ग

Many species of plants and animals are endangered due to pollution.

Many great whales are now on the endangered species list.


  •   ਸ੍ਪੇਸਿਮਨ = ਨਮੂਨਾ
  •   स्पेसिमन = नमूना, प्रतिरूप

This fossil here is a particularly interesting specimen.

A specimen of the accused killer's blood was taken for analysis.


  •   ਸ੍ਪੇਕ੍ਯੁਲੇਟ = ਕਲਪਣਾ, ਅਨੁਮਾਨ ਲਗਾਨਾ
  •   स्पेक्युलेट = अंदाज़ लगाना, कल्पना करना, अनुमान लगाना

She speculated as to her friend's motives.

The President has refused to speculate on whether military intervention will be necessary.


  •   ਸ੍ਪਾਇਕ = ਸਿੱਟਾ, ਭਾਲਾ
  •   स्पाइक = खूँटी, कील, नोक

The men were busy pounding spikes into the railroad tracks.

The spikes on the cactus are super sharp and really hurt if you touch them.


  •   ਸ੍ਪਾਨ੍ਟੇਨੀਅਸ = ਬੇਇਖਤਿਆਰ
  •   स्पान्टेनीअस = स्वभाव से, स्वाभाविक

The crowd burst into spontaneous applause when the Queen appeared on the balcony.

She is a very spontaneous, emotional person, and doesn't always think things through properly.


  •   ਸ੍ਪਾਨ੍ਟੇਨੀਅਸ੍ਲੀ = ਸਿਹਜ ਤਰੀਕੇ ਨਾਲ, ਬੇਇਖਤਿਆਰ, ਸਹਿਸੁਭਾ
  •   स्पान्टेनीअस्ली = सहज तरीके से, स्वाभाविक तरीके से, बिना पूर्व तैयारी के

He never does anything spontaneously; everything has to be planned ahead of time.

They spontaneously decided to get married when they arrived home in Wellington after travelling around Europe and Asia together for a year.


  •   ਸ੍ਕ੍ਵੀਜ਼ = ਪਿਚਕ, ਨੱਪਣਾ, ਘੁੱਟਣਾ
  •   स्क्वीज़ = दबाकर निकालना, निचोड़, भींचना

Sometimes I like to squeeze fresh orange juice to drink for breakfast.

Some snakes squeeze animals to death, and then eat them whole.


  •   ਸ੍ਟੈਗਰ = ਲੜਖੜਾ, ਥਿੜਕ, ਡਗਮਗਾਉਣਾ
  •   स्टैगर = लड़खड़ाहट, विचलता, डगमगाना

The government is alert to the danger and says it will do its best to stagger the pain.

The pains the designers took with the interior can stagger the imagination.


  •   ਸ੍ਟੇਰ = ਤਾੜੀ, ਤੱਕਣੀ, ਦੇਖਣਾ
  •   स्टेर = ताकना, घूरना, नज़र, एकटक देखना

The man stared at the woman until she turned away in embarrassment.

Someone once said that those who stare at the past have their backs turned to the future.


  •   ਸ੍ਟਿਮੁਲੇਟ = ਪ੍ਰੇਰਨਾ, ਉਕਸਾਣਾ, ਉੱਤੇਜਿਤ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   स्टिमुलेट = प्रेरित करना, उत्तेजित करना, उकसाना

The government is hoping their new tax cuts will help to stimulate growth in the economy.

Doing stretching exercises helps to stimulate blood flow.


  •   ਸ੍ਟਿਰ = ਘੋਟਣਾ, ਹਿਲਾਉਣਾ
  •   स्टिर = हिलाना, मिलाना

You'd better stir your coffee; I put some honey in it, and it all sank to the bottom.

Be sure you stir the sauce regularly so that it doesn't burn.


  •   ਸ੍ਟ੍ਰਾਇਡ = ਪੁਲਾਂਘ, ਛਲਾਂਗ, ਵਡੇ ਕਦਮ
  •   स्ट्राइड = प्रगति, तरक़्क़ी, छलाँग, लंबे कदम

Bond markets seemed to take the dollar's decline in stride.

Cariocas are known for taking things in stride and enjoying life.


  •   ਸ਼ਟਰ = ਚਿਕ, ਤਖਤਾ, ਪਰਦਾ
  •   शटर = चिक, पर्दा, तख़्ता, कपाट बंद करना

If the camera's shutter is slow with respect to the object's movement, the picture is blurry.

Hopefully your camera will have a shutter speed long enough for what you are shooting.


  •   ਸਬਸਿਡਿਯਰੀ = ਮਦਦਗਾਰ, ਸਹਾਯਕ ਕਂਪਨੀ, ਹਿਮਾਯਤੀ
  •   सब्सिडीएरी = हिमायती, सहायक कंपनी, अधीनस्थ, मददगार

There is also a large variety of subsidiary fighters.

The subsidiary plot lines were all touching or funny.


  •   ਸਬ੍ਸ੍ਟੈਨ੍ਸ਼੍ਹਿਯਲ = ਸਾਰਥਕ, ਤਗੜੇ, ਚੋਖੇ, ਠੋਸ
  •   सब्स्टॅन्षियल = ठोस, मजबूत, बहुत अधिक, अच्छी मात्रा में

Taj got a substantial raise as a result of his excellent work on the project last month.

There has been a substantial increase in the number of forest fires this year due to our unusually dry weather.


  •   ਸਟਲ = ਬਰੀਕ, ਕੋਮਲ, ਲਤੀਫ਼, ਸੂਖਮ
  •   सटल = सुंदर, अतिसूक्ष्म, कोमल, तीव्र

His sense of humor is quite subtle, so sometimes it's hard to know if he is joking or if he's serious.

Seasonal temperature changes are more subtle near the equator than they are in other areas.


  •   ਸੂਪਰਸ੍ਟਿਸ਼ਸ = ਅੰਧਵਿਸ਼ਵਾਸੀ, ਵਹਿਮੀ, ਭਰਮਣ
  •   सूपर्स्टिशस = वहमी, अंधविश्वासी, धर्म विषय में मिथ्या विचारो से भरा हुआ

He was also extremely superstitious, and believed in invocations of the dead.

The people were very superstitious, they believed in most things they have only heard of.


  •   ਸਰ੍ਫੇਸ = ਤਲ, ਧਰਾਤਲ
  •   सर्फेस = धरातल, तल

The surface of the ocean often looks very rough, but once you go underwater it is quite calm.

The ozone acts as a protective layer over the surface of our planet.


  •   ਸਸ੍ਪੇਕ੍ਟ = ਸੰਦਿਗਧ, ਸੰਦੇਹ ਕਰਨਾ, ਸ਼ਕ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   सस्पेक्ट = संदिग्ध व्यक्ति, सन्देह का पात्र, शक करना

No one will suspect she killed her husband; they all think she is so sweet.

He is the prime suspect in the murder of his wife.


  •   ਸਸ੍ਟੇਨ = ਸਹਾਰ, ਸਹਾਰਨਾ
  •   सस्टेन = सहना, स्वीकार करना, सहारा देना

We need food and water in order to sustain life.

In the U.S. today, a single farmer can sustain himself or herself and approximately 45 other people.


  •   ਸਸ੍ਟੇਨੇਬਲ = ਕਾਯਮ ਰਿਹਣ ਵਾਲਾ, ਟਿਕਾਉ
  •   सस्टेनेबल = कायम रहने वाला, टिकाऊ, चिरस्थायी

Our ultimate goal should be to create a sustainable world where nothing is wasted.

There is no single sustainable model for national success.

The foundation of sustainable food production is the wise use of resources.


  •   ਸ੍ਵਾਮ੍ਪ = ਦਲਦਲ
  •   स्वाम्प = दलदल, धसान

Lakes, rivers and swamps are scattered throughout the national park.

Crocodiles are found in habitats such as swamps, ponds, rivers, lakes and marshes.


  •   ਸੈਂਬੋਲੀਕਾਲ = ਪ੍ਰਤੀਕਆਤਮਕ
  •   स्यम्बोलिकल = प्रतीकात्मक

His style is unsystematic, brief and abounding in symbolical expression.

Long garments ornamented with symbolical designs are worn by Marduk and Adad.


  •   ਟੈਕਲ = ਨਜਿੱਠਣਾ
  •   टैकल = धर पकड़, काबू में करना

If we tackle the problem right away, I'm sure we'll be able to find a solution before the day is over.

The government is determined to tackle the issue right away while its popularity is high.


  •   ਟੇਲ ਟੇਲ੍ਸ = ਚੁਗ੍ਲੀ ਕਰਨਾ, ਗੱਲ ਨੂ ਵਧਾ ਚਡਾ ਕੇ ਦਸਣਾ
  •   टेल टेल्स = चुगली खाना, कहानी गढ़कर सुनाना

Dean was hoping to find it or at least telltale signs that a body had decomposed on this spot

Before I could say more, I heard the telltale noise of breaking glass from the far side of the house!


  •   ਟੇਮ੍ਪ੍ਟੇਸ਼ਨ = ਲਾਲਚ, ਚਾਟ, ਭਰਮਾਉਣ
  •   टेम्प्टेशन = लोभ, प्रलोभन, लालच

An old proverb notes that good habits result from resisting temptation.

Chocolate was once considered a temptation of the devil.


  •   ਥ੍ਰੇਟ = ਧਮਕੀ, ਡਰਾਵਾ
  •   थ्रेट = ख़तरा, धमकी, डरावा

Police have received an anonymous threat declaring that a bomb has been planted at the airport.

The unusually cold weather is a serious threat to the tourist industry this summer.


  •   ਥ੍ਰਾਇਵ = ਫੁੱਲਣ, ਫਲਣਾ ਫੁਲਣਾ; ਵੱਧਣਾ
  •   थ्राइव = पनपना, बढना, फलना

Mosquitoes thrive in areas where there is stagnant water.

Someone once remarked that news reporters thrive on the world's misfortune.


  •   ਟੌਰ੍ਸੋ = ਧੜ
  •   टॉर्सो = धड़, धड़-प्रतिमा

The skeleton consists of a virtually complete skull, the entire torso and parts of the arms and legs.

Now imagine being able to rotate your torso as you swing.


  •   ਟਾਕ੍ਸਿਕ = ਜ਼ਹਿਰੀਲਾ, ਵਿਸ਼ੈਲਾ
  •   टाक्सिक = ज़हर, विष

Pollution in major cities throughout the world has reached such toxic levels that hundreds of people die from it every year.

Someone once suggested that poverty is the most toxic element known to humankind.


  •   ਟ੍ਰੇਸ = ਸੁਰਾਗ, ਖੋਜ, ਨਿਸ਼ਾਨ
  •   ट्रेस = खोज, निशान, सुराग

Police were able to trace the stolen car to a house in the east end of the city.

The suspect was arrested after traces of cocaine were found in his car and on his clothing.


  •   ਟ੍ਰੇਡ-ਆਫ = ਅਦਲਾ ਬਦਲੀ, ਲੇਨ ਦੇਣ
  •   ट्रेड-ऑफ = अदला-बदली, लेन-देन

In a liquidity trap, there is an explicit trade off between inflation and unemployment.

They don't understand the concepts of opportunity cost and trade off.


  •   ਟ੍ਰੈਨ੍ਸ੍ਫੋਰ੍ਮ = ਵਟਾਉਣਾ, ਬਦਲ ਦੇਣਾ
  •   ट्रैन्स्फोर्म = रूपांतर, परिवर्तन, पूरी तरह से बदल देना

Your body transforms calories into energy.

The sun transforms five million tons of mass into energy every second.


  •   ਟ੍ਰੈਨ੍ਸ੍ਮਿਸ਼ਨ = ਸੰਚਾਰ, ਪਰਸਾਰਨ
  •   ट्रैन्स्मिशन = प्रसारण, संचार, प्रचारण

The transmission of computer data along phone lines has been greatly improved by the use of fiber-optics.

Tolstoy once said that art is the transmission of feeling the artist has experienced.


  •   ਟ੍ਰੈਪ = ਚੁੰਗਲ, ਫਸਾਉਣਾ, ਫੰਧਾ
  •   ट्रैप = चाल, जाल, फंदा

She was able to trap her boss into admitting that she was underpaid.

I've put a few traps down here and there, but haven't caught any mice yet.


  •   ਟ੍ਰਾਲ = ਮਹਾਜਾਲ
  •   ट्रॉल = महाजाल में फंसाना, महाजाल

It is too large for scientists to trawl the entire surface.

Restaurants and hotels have to trawl for staff all over the world.

The system would also trawl local news reports for similar cases.


  •   ਟ੍ਰਿਗਰ = ਬੰਦੂਕ ਦਾ ਘੋੜਾ
  •   ट्रिगर = बन्दूक का घोड़ा, यन्त्र को चालू करने का पुर्जा

Police are unsure as to who exactly pulled the trigger in the murder case.

The young boy pulled the trigger, and the gun went off.


  •   ਟ੍ਰਿਵੀਅਲ = ਮਾਮੂਲੀ, ਨਿਗੂਣਾ, ਲਘੂ
  •   ट्रिवीअल = मामूली, साधारण, घिसा-पिटा

Honey is trivial compared with the importance of pollination.

It was a decent business, although too trivial for major oil companies.


  •   ਅਨੈਕ੍ਸੇਪ੍ਟੇਡ = ਨਾਮਨਜ਼ੂਰ
  •   अनॅक्सेप्टेड = नामंज़ूर, अग्राह्य

We promptly correct him so he knows that it is unacceptable behavior.

Multi-word partials longer than five letters are unacceptable.


  •   ਅਨਆਸ੍ਕ੍ਡ = ਬਿਨਾ ਪੂਛੇ
  •   अनआस्क्ड = बिना पूछा हुआ

New software can even provide answers to unasked questions.

In the neighborhood it's considered wise to leave some questions unasked.


  •   ਅਨ੍ਕੈਨੀ = ਡਰਾਉਣਾ, ਅਦਭੁਤ, ਅਜੀਬ, ਮਨਹੂਸ
  •   अन्कैनी = अस्वाभाविक, डरावना, भयानक, विचित्र, रहस्यमय, मनहूस

Baron also discovered that certain six-letter combinations occur with uncanny frequency.

He observed an uncanny similarity in human response to the arrivals.


  •   ਅਨ੍ਸਰ੍ਟਨ = ਅਨਿਸ਼ਚਿਤ, ਸੰਦਿਗਧ, ਬੇਠਿਕਾਣੇ
  •   अन्सर्टन = अस्थिर, अनिश्चित, डगमगाता हुआ, बिना ठिकाने के

It is uncertain how soon or how fast the oil will start gurgling again.

Whether extinct dinosaurs had the same physiology as living mammals and birds remains uncertain.


  •   ਅਨ੍ਕਵਰ = ਖੋਲਣਾ
  •   अन्कवर = अनावरण, खोलना

The basic treasure of his life was buried back there and he kept hoping to uncover it.

It's an extremely valuable way to uncover information.


  •   ਅਨਡਿਨਾਇਯਬਲ = ਨਕਾਰੇ, ਅਸੰਦਿਗਧ
  •   अन्डिनाइअबल = अखण्डनीय, अविवादित, असंदिग्ध, निर्विवाद, जिससे इन्कार न हो

They have undeniable authority, but heaven only knows how they acquired it.

One crucial point raised by this article is undeniable.


  •   ਅਨ੍ਡੂ = ਉਧੇੜ, ਉਧੇੜਨਾ
  •   अन्डू = अनकिया करना

Now a small, dedicated group tries to undo some of the damage.

Progress sometimes has major constraints that are difficult to undo.


  •   ਅਨ੍ਰਿਯਲਾਇਜ਼੍ਡ = ਅਚੇਤਨ
  •   अन्रीअलाइज़्ड = अचेतन, अतृप्त

They completely satisfy wishes excited during the day which remain unrealized.

We both expressed the wish to own an automobile-again an unrealized ambition.


  •   ਅਨਸਵੇਰਵਿਂਗਲੀ = ਪਕਾ, ਅਟਲ, ਸਿਧਾ
  •   अनसवेरविंगली = सीधा, अटल रूप से, पक्का

Many a time he seemed to jeopardize his political career through his unswerving loyalty.

In addition to these partners, the trust land beneficiaries have been unswerving in their support and appreciation.


  •   ਵੈਕ੍ਯੂਮ = ਖਾਲੀ ਜਗਾ, ਖਾਲੀਪਨ
  •   वैक्यूम = खाली जगह, जहां हवा भी न हो, शून्य स्थान

Most nondairy milks are sold in vacuum-sealed cartons and are shelf-stable for as long as a year.

Many blowers, both gas and electric, come with attachments made to vacuum up leaves.


  •   ਵੇਲਿਡਿਟੀ = ਮਾਨਤਾ, ਵੈਧਤਾ
  •   वेलिडिटी = मान्यता, वैधता, पुष्टता

The illustration does not depend for its validity upon its historical character.

Human performance testing has proven the validity of this method of enhanced learning.


  •   ਵੇਸਲ = ਭਾਂਡਾ, ਬਰਤਨ, ਜਹਾਜ
  •   वेसल = बरतन, जल यान, जहाज़

The American fleet lost 2 small vessels in the maritime battle.

A vessel containing over 50 illegal Chinese migrants has been discovered off the waters of Washington State this morning.


  •   ਵਿਗਰਸ = ਗਰਮ, ਸਵਸਥ, ਜੋਰਦਾਰ, ਤਾਕਤਵਰ, ਬਲਵਾਨ, ਪੁਰਜ਼ੋਰ
  •   विगरस = हट्टा-कट्टा, जोरदार, फुरतीला, बलवान, सशक्त

A regular program of vigorous exercise can help to prevent heart disease.

My opponent led a vigorous campaign, and I congratulate him on his success.


  •   ਵਾਇਲੇਟ = ਤੋੜਨਾ, ਬਿਗਾਡ੍ਣਾ, ਭੰਗ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   वाइलेट = तोड़ना, बिगाड़ना, भंग करना, भ्रष्ट करना, हानि करना

If you violate your parole, you will be immediately re-arrested.

Anyone found violating the company rules will be fired immediately.


  •   ਵਿਸ਼੍ਹੁਯਲ = ਦੇਖਨ ਯੋਗ, ਦਿਖਾਉ
  •   विसुअल = तस्वीर, दिखाऊ, दृष्टि संबंधी

She is studying the visual arts; painting, drawing, and that sort of thing at college.

The visuals of the lecture were fascinating, but the professor didn't explain them enough.


  •   ਵੋਕੇਸ਼੍ਨਲ = ਪੇਸ਼ੇਵਰ, ਵ੍ਯਵ੍ਸਾਯਿਕ
  •   वोकेशनल = पेशेवर, व्यवसायिक

Several items in the news suggest that vocabularies are looked upon only or chiefly as of vocational value.

Besides academic courses, the school also offers vocational programs for older students.


  •   ਵਾਲਨ੍ਟੀਰ = ਮੰਨਣਾ, ਆਪਣੀ ਇਛਾ ਨਾਲ, ਸਵਯਸੇਵਕ, ਸਵੈਸੇਵੀ
  •   वालन्टीर = स्वेच्छाकर्मी, स्वयंसेवक, स्वयंसेवी

She does volunteer work with mentally-handicapped children at the hospital.

In baseball's early days, umpires were unpaid volunteers.


  •   ਵਾਯੇਜ = ਯਾਤਰਾ, ਸਮੁਦਰੀ ਯਾਤਰਾ
  •   वायेज = जलयात्रा, समुद्री यात्रा

Ferdinand Magellan led the first round-the-world voyage in 1522.

The Titanic sailed on an April day in 1912 on her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York.


  •   ਵਲ੍ਨਰਬਲ = ਕਮਜ਼ੋਰ, ਸੰਕਟਮਈ, ਦੋਸ਼ਪੂਰਨ
  •   वल्नरबल = आघात योग्य, दोषपूर्ण, कमजोर, असुरक्षित

If you don't eat properly, you may become more vulnerable to disease.

His treatment for cancer has made him vulnerable to infection.


  •   ਵਿਕ = ਬੱਤੀ, ਦੀਏ ਦੀ ਬੱਤੀ
  •   विक = बत्ती, दीये की बत्ती

The candle's wick popped loudly enough to wake her awhile later.

Before cotton became the substance of choice for lamp wicks, dried folded Mullein leaves were used for this purpose.


  •   ਵਨ੍ਡਰ = ਅਜੂਬਾ, ਚਮਤਕਾਰ, ਅਚੰਭਾ, ਹੈਰਤ, ਕਰਾਮਾਤ
  •   वन्डर = अचम्भा, अचरज, आश्चर्य, चमत्कार, ताज्जुब, करामाती

Thank you so much for bringing us the wonder of our planet.

Visitors see the diamond, and it gets them to wonder what's in the next room, and in the space beyond that.

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